locus of control
The chapter mentions internal and external locus of control. This theory was developed by Rotter. If we have an internal locus of control we feel that we have control over our lives and are responsible for our actions. If we have an external locus of control then we may feel we have no control over anything and are just at the fate of destiny. Research has shown that those that have an internal locus of control are more emotionally healthy and tend to do better academically. The chapter discussed how Americans in comparison to other cultures have a higher internal locus of control. However, this does not account for the self-serving bias which is tendency to blame others when bad or negative things happen to us. For example, if we get a bad grade on a test we may say that the test was unfair or difficult rather than say we didn’t study enough. Additionally, it does not explain why other cultures perform better academically when compared to ours. The findings are interesting because it shows that there is not one perfect explanation in the field of psychology and there are many gray areas. As the saying goes there is always an exception to the rule.