excellent theories

Disaster Response 3
Psychology homework help
Disaster Response 3

1. Behavioral Health Response to Disasters, Author: Framingham, Julie:

Original Question:

For this week’s Forum, respond to the following: In review of our course materials this week, we are introduced to several excellent theories aiding our understanding in the survivors’ experience in coping after disaster events. The complex nature of disasters results in reactions manifested in many ways including psychological, biological, and social. The architect of modern-day positive psychology, Dr. Martin Seligman, speaks to the foundational basis of the psychological approach in his Ted Talk, The New Era of Positive Psychology. In considering the insights Dr. Seligman applies to the field of psychology, we may find useful applications to addressing concerns unique to disaster psychology.

· After reviewing the course materials for the week, including Dr. Seligman’s Ted Talk, share the theory or psychological approach to coping after a disaster event that most stood out to you as effective in aiding survivors and the rationale for your selection.

· In addition, considering the Core Actions of Psychological First Aid (PFA) we have reviewed thus far, discuss the appropriateness of implementing any or all Core Actions in conjunction with the selected theory or approach.

Reply to the following response with 200 words minimum. (please make response as if having a conversation, respond directly to some of the statements in below post. This is not providing an analysis of the original post. Respectfully address it and even ask clarifying or additional questions.)


The Resilience Theory stood out the most to me as an effective theory in the aiding of survivors being that it has a main focus on risk and protective factors that affect survivors. In understanding when it comes to disaster reactions the typical human response to it has been shown to follow three distinct phases of alarm, resistance and return (American Military University, 2018). The resilience theory goes hand in hand with this because when it comes to adults and children this theory provides insight on those reactions and why it leads to the stressful social and physical environments. This leads researchers to have a better understanding of not only children but the overall responses in the lifespan of those that have been directly affected by a disaster. I think this theory provides value to examining the resiliency that are involved in disasters and how social examiners play a major part in the recovery that families have. In correlation with this theory knowing the social support that is available provides insight on being able to establish ongoing contacts with sources of support within the family and community (Teasely & Framingham, 2012). This is one of the major goals and core actions in the psychological first aid. As resilience has been known to improve over time, remaining consistent in effective approaches allows for researches to better understand that each individual resilience approach changes over time. As disaster resilience can either be maintained or changed, it is best to know which level of resiliency a person falls into, to better understand the type of change that comes along with a disaster while setting up the road to successful recovery. There has to be a level of positive psychology as Martin Seligman expresses, and when it comes to the psychology of disaster, it is best to remain positive as this increases the overall positive resilience that comes into action.

American Military University. (2018). WEEK 3: Biopsychosocial (BPS) Reactions to Disaster: Theoretical and Conceptual Overview [Lesson notes]. Retrieved from https://edge.apus.edu/portal/site/366610/tool/230444e4-7d21-400a-b0e4-9642c00902bf

Seligman, M. (2004, February). The new era of positive psychology. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/martin_seligman_on_the_state_of_psychology/transcript

Teasley, M. L., & Framingham, J. L. (2012). Behavioral Health Response to Disasters. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press. Retrieved http://apus.intelluslearning.com/v3/course-widget/760/#/document



In this week’s assignment the theory that stood out to me was the Resilience Theory. Resiliency Theory provides a conceptual framework for considering a strengths-based approach to understanding child and adolescent development and informing intervention design (Fergus & Zimmerman, 2005; Zimmerman & Brenner, 2010). “Resilience theorists generally agree that the presence of one or more protective factors can reduce the effects of exposure to adversity. The more protective factors (or “assets”) available, the more resilient a young person will be.” During my time in the military we learned resilience was the ability to bounce back from adversity. The same can be said for the Resilience Theory/psychological resilience as it is an individual’s ability to successfully adapt to life tasks in the face of social disadvantage or other highly adverse conditions. There is a common misconception that resilient people are free from negative emotions or thought, and that they remain optimistic in most or all situations.

After a disaster resilience can be measured on several levels such as individual, community, and physical. The first level or individual level is that of each person within an affected area. The community level is just that the entire community and how it is affected, and the third level the physical level refers to the infrastructure of the area.

Psychological first aid (PFA) is the technique designed to reduce PTSD which falls hand in hand with resiliency. Maintaining a positive outlook on the situation and not allowing yourself to over stress or get depressed allows a person to keep away from the occurrences that may cause PTSD. Many time during a disaster PTSD forms due to high stress levels as well as the things seen during a disaster. Remaining prepared, teaching your children, and maintaining a positive attitude are key to being resilient during and after a disaster.


Affairs, V. (n.d.). Psychological First Aid: Field Operations Guide.Retrieved from https://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/materials/manuals/psych-first-aid.asp

Association, A. P. (n.d.). The Road to Resilience. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/road-resilience.aspx

Fergus S, Zimmerman MA. Adolescent resilience: A framework for understanding healthy development in the face of risk. Annual Review Public Health. 2005;26:399–419.

Zimmerman MA, Brenner AB. Resilience in adolescence: Overcoming neighborhood disadvantage. In: Reich J, Zautra AJ, Hall JS, editors.Handbook of adult resilience. New York, NY: Guilford Press; 2010. pp. 283–308.


Good Morning Class,

For this week’s assignment I think that the vulnerability theory would make for a good discussion. The theory is based on that vulnerability is random and not fairly distributed among the population. I can see both sides of this potential argument. I would offer that vulnerability in some circumstances is not random but a planned thought out process. Take for example Hurricane Katrina and the devastation that occurred in the city. What were the most badly damaged areas of the city? The simple answer the poor minority communities. You ask yourself why were these communities hit so hard compared to the more affluent parts of the town. You can look at segregation through the past century and see that minority communities were formed in the areas of cities that possessed the most risk to disaster. The prices were lower and the wages minorities made were and in some cases still are. So you could logically conclude that they were relegated to these areas by design. As part of the PFA you could say that they were provided safety and comfort, from the dikes and levees that were constructed to provide them a higher level of safety. I would say that they had services available for their mental health following the disaster, but as you can still see today the area is still mostly abandoned and has never been rebuilt to the conditions before the hurricane. (Teasley, 2012)

One the other hand I can also see self-inflicted harm leading to a vulnerable state from residents in the local communities surrounding me. When I look at the people who have been through some of the local flooding repeatedly and choose to remain in the same location, waiting for the next flood. One individual interviewed on the local news had claimed that in the last 12 months he had been flooded three times. After each rebuild was completed another flood would occur and he would have to begin the process all over again. I know common sense would tell me that if my home floods it is time to move to higher ground. When selecting a site for your home you should do the research on the possibility of flooding and use that to reduce your vulnerability.



Teasley, M. L., & Framingham, J. L. (2012). Behavioral Health Response to Disasters. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press.

** Please don’t just rephrase their info, but respond to it. Remember to answer question at the end if there is one. **


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