developmental information.

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QUESTION 1

1. _____ studies provide more in-depth developmental information.

a.

Experimental

b.

Follow-up

c.

Longitudinal

d.

Cohort-intensive

1 points

QUESTION 2

1. Which of the following is NOT a limitation of longitudinal studies?

a.

Time and money

b.

“Generalizability”

c.

Self-selected sample bias

d.

Cohort effects

1 points

QUESTION 3

1. “Generalizability” can be a problem in what kind(s) of study/studies?

a.

Cross-sectional

b.

Longitudinal

c.

a nor b

d.

a and b

1 points

QUESTION 4

1. Which of the following behaviors is NOT influenced by culture?

a.

Fifteen-year-old Chou is cooperative and respectful toward his grandparents.

b.

Five-year-old Kim believes that her father is just showing his love and concern when he beats her with a switch for not completing her chores.

c.

Sixteen-year-old Brant enjoys lively debates with his history teacher.

d.

Seventeen-month-old Zahra tried to climb the stairs and fell off the first step.

1 points

QUESTION 5

1. Which of the following is TRUE about conception?

a.

It is the fertilization of the female egg by the male sperm.

b.

The new cell is called an embryo.

c.

The blastocyst is no larger than the period at the end of this sentence.

d.

All of these options are true

1 points

QUESTION 6

1. Which of the following is INCORRECTLY matched?

a.

Embryonic period: development of major body organs

b.

Conception: development of blastocyst

c.

Germinal period: ovulation and implantation

d.

Fetal period: rapid weight gain and “detailing” of body organs and systems

1 points

QUESTION 7

1. The use of _____ during pregnancy is most associated with premature birth, low-birth-weight infants, and fetal death.

a.

nicotine

b.

caffeine

c.

aspirin

d.

all of these options

1 points

QUESTION 8

1. Teratogens are _____ that can cause birth defects.

a.

DNA fragments

b.

environmental agents

c.

recessive genes

d.

dominant genes

1 points

QUESTION 9

1. _____ is a feeling of fullness that has an effect on the perception of hunger.

a.

Insatiety

b.

Protrudation

c.

Satiety

d.

Grandiosity

1 points

QUESTION 10

1. The heat generated in response to food ingestion is called _____.

a.

satiation

b.

dehydration

c.

thermogenesis

d.

thermolosis

1 points

QUESTION 11

1. 11. The _____ hypothalamus signals an animal to start eating, whereas the _____ hypothalamus signals the animal to stop eating.

a) lateral; ventromedial

b) ventro; medial

c) ventromedial; lateral

d) medial; ventro

a.

lateral; ventromedial

b.

ventro; medial

c.

ventromedial; lateral

d.

medial; ventro

1 points

QUESTION 12

1. All other factors being equal, which of the following persons is MOST likely to acquire an HIV infection?

a.

Marci, who just donated blood

b.

Rami, who engages in brief deep-throat kissing with her life partner without using a dental dam

c.

Franco, who works at a hospice center for AIDS patients

d.

None of these people is more likely than the others to acquire an HIV infection

1 points

QUESTION 13

1. Which of the following is TRUE regarding rape?

a.

Women can’t be raped against their will; and secretly want to be raped.

b.

A man cannot be raped by a woman.

c.

Men have little control over their biologically overpowering sex drive.

d.

All of these options are myths about rape.

1 points

QUESTION 14

1. According to the cognitive theory of motivation, _____ influence our goal-directed behavior.

a.

attributions and expectancies

b.

expectancies and internal needs

c.

internal needs and attributions

d.

attributions, expectancies, and internal needs

1 points

QUESTION 15

1. According to the cognitive theory of motivation, which of the following students is MOST likely to study hard for the next psychology exam?

a.

Sasha believes she earned an “A” on this exam because the questions were easy.

b.

Endora believes she is a witch and can get whatever she wants by waving her arms and casting a spell.

c.

Martino believes he can bring his “C’ up to an “B” or “A” next time.

d.

Clemy believes he studied as hard as he could for this exam and is very discouraged that he only got a “D.”

1 points

QUESTION 16

1. The theory that some motives have to be satisfied before a person can advance to fulfilling higher motives is based on _____.

a.

Freud’s psychosexual stages of development

b.

Kohlberg’s moral stages of development

c.

Erikson’s psychosocial stages of development

d.

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

1 points

QUESTION 17

1. According to _____ theory, basic survival and security needs must be satisfied before one can move on to such higher needs as self-actualization.

a.

evolutionary

b.

instinct

c.

Maslow’s

d.

Wiener’s

1 points

QUESTION 18

1. According to Maslow, belonging and self-actualization are _____ needs, and will be satisfied after physiological and safety needs.

a.

essential

b.

primary

c.

higher-level

d.

optional

1 points

QUESTION 19

1. According to Maslow’s view of motivation, if you haven’t eaten all day, your thoughts will be MOST focused on your _____.

a.

self-esteem

b.

physical safety

c.

physiological needs

d.

sense of belonging

1 points

QUESTION 20

1. The study of age-related changes in behavior and mental processes throughout the lifespan is called _____.

a.

thanatology

b.

neo-gerontology

c.

developmental psychology

d.

longitudinal psychology

1 points

QUESTION 21

1. Developmental psychology _____.

a.

examines growth, maturation, early experiences, and various stages of cognitive, social, and physical development

b.

uses a learning theory approach that suggests nature is more important in development than nurture

c.

avoids controversial issues by focusing only on what can be proven through research

d.

all of these options

1 points

QUESTION 22

1. Assad and Juana believe in stimulating their new baby’s senses by playing and singing to her. They also believe it is important to reinforce her curiosity and her attempts to interact with them verbally. It is MOST likely that Assad and Juana believe that _____ is the major contributor to their child’s development.

a.

nurture

b.

sensation training

c.

nature

d.

maturation

1 points

QUESTION 23

1. Dr. Johan tends to believe in the _____ model of development, which says that changes occur at a relatively uniform pace. Dr. Ziback tends to believe in the _____ model, which says that there are periods of rapid and abrupt change that are separated by periods of very little change.

a.

nurturing; natural

b.

uniform; stop-start

c.

continuity; stage

d.

none of these options

1 points

QUESTION 24

1. Which refers to development governed by automatic, genetically predetermined signals?

a.

Elaboration

b.

Natural progression

c.

Maturation

d.

Tabula rasa

1 points

QUESTION 25

1. This is a period of special sensitivity to specific types of learning. It also shapes the capacity for future development.

a.

Sensitivity period

b.

Critical period

c.

Specificity stage

d.

Tabula rasa stage

1 points

QUESTION 26

1. If you believe that your personality is developed early and can predict your personality later in life, then you believe in:

a.

continuity

b.

staging

c.

stability

d.

nurturing

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